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Constructive Dismissal

Constructive Dismissal

Have there been significant changes to the terms of your employment?  Do you feel forced to resign because the workplace is becoming intolerable?   If so, you may have been constructively dismissed, and you may be entitled to financial compensation (a severance package) from your employer.  We specialize in constructive dismissal law and have fiercely represented clients with respect to contentious constructive dismissal cases. 

We will review the merits of your claim, determine how much financial compensation you may be entitled to receive, and devise a legal strategy with that makes the most sense for you, for your career and your reputation.   

What is a Constructive Dismissal?

A constructive dismissal occurs when the employer makes unilateral changes to fundamental terms and conditions of employment, causing the employee to involuntarily resign from their employment.  While the employer has not formally dismissed the employee, in essence, through its unilateral actions, the employer has repudiated the employment relationship.

Not every change to the employment relationship will give rise to a constructive dismissal.  No workplace is static of course.  The employer can make some changes to the employment relationship.  If you do not like a certain change, this does not automatically mean that you have been constructively dismissed.  It is only when the change (or series of changes) is unilateral and fundamental in nature, that a constructive dismissal occurs.   

A constructive dismissal may also occur if the employee is being subjected to a toxic or hostile work environment, such that it would be unbearable to continue working in that environment. Examples include discriminatory conduct, harassment, bullying or other forms of bad faith conduct.


A constructive dismissal may be triggered in the following situations (this is not an exhaustive list):

  • A demotion
  • Reduction in pay and benefits
  • Change in duties
  • Change to work schedule
  • Change in location of work
  • Bullying, harassment, or bad faith conduct 

If you have been constructively dismissed, you may be entitled to financial compensation.  Contact Pak Smith Employment Lawyers today.

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Pak Smith Employment Lawyers
140 Yonge Street, Suite 204
Toronto ON M5C 1X6
Phone: 416-583-1920
Toll Free: 1-833-583-1920

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